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What are the Symptoms and Treatment of Menopause?


Many women wonder how to know that they are entering this stage of life. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the main Early Menopause symptoms:

- Menstrual changes (before complete termination)
- Heat
- Itching and vaginal dryness, which can lead to pain during intercourse
- Reduced libido
- Decreased breast size and loss of firmness
- Night sweating
- Problems sleeping
- Mood swings
- Periods of anxiety, irritability, and depression
- Decreased self-esteem
- Weight gain
- Deceleration of metabolism
- Dry skin and thinner hair
- Decreased skin elasticity
- Headaches
- Increased bone porosity

Not every woman has all of these symptoms. The appearance of the signs varies from case to case and according to the climacteric phase.

Menopause Treatment:

Menopause is a natural process of the female body and may not need therapeutic interventions. However, if the symptoms are very uncomfortable, menopause treatment can be done to improve the woman's quality of life.

Among the options we find:

Hormone replacement:

Hormone therapy (popularly known as hormone replacement) is the most effective treatment for hot flashes.

This type of treatment brings a reduction of up to 75% in the frequency of hot flushes and 87% in its severity. Replacement can be done with estrogen or the combination of estrogen and progesterone.

When to do?

Ideally, replacement should be done in the so-called “window of opportunity”, which is usually between the ages of 50 to 59 years and up to 7 years after the onset of menopausal symptoms. These conditions make treatment safer.

Also, replacement should only be done after the patient has undergone all routine tests and the doctor has checked her health history. This will help you to understand if there are any contraindications and what is the best hormonal dose to be applied.

Ideally, women should continue to do medical monitoring during hormone replacement, even to better monitor their health. And as soon as its benefits are no longer needed, treatment must be stopped.

Non-hormonal drugs:

For women who cannot use hormone therapy, other medication options are depending on the symptom presented.

For symptoms such as hot flushes, there are antidepressants, Hypno-sedative, anti-dopaminergic, vasoactive drugs, or those that act on the hypothalamic-pituitary axis.

When to do?

This method is indicated mainly in cases where the woman:

- Do not want to do hormone therapy
- May have side effects to hormone therapy
- Has the poor response to hormone therapy
- It is contraindicated to do hormone replacement

To know more about Menopause sex drive and other information related to Menopause, do not miss to read other articles and blogs on https://mpoweredwomen.net/

Keywords

Menopause , Perimenopause , Signs of Menopause

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